User Interface from the Point of View of Ergonomic Semiotics

User Interface from the Point of View of Ergonomic Semiotics

The user interface in the context of ergonomic semiotics can be defined as a multi-level interactive information system, consisting of a natural language, iconic language, and color and music codes. The term «user-friendly» can be considered applicable to the pragmatic aspect with the convenient presentation of verbal and iconic segments. In different cultures, differentiation of the forenamed parameters will be noticeable. When talking about ergonomic semiotics’ requirements and evaluation of user interface, it is appropriate to differentiate them in:

  • Pragmatic requirements

    include ease of learning, ease of intussusception and usage of information that improve the efficiency of the user activity, etc. In particular context of these requirements, during the further examination of various aspects of the design of user interfaces the cultural specificity of users will be taken into account. From the perspective of pragmatics user interface should match the cognitive, psychomotor, emotional, motivational characteristics of the users, as well as comply to their needs and objectives;

  • Semantic requirements: resistance to semantic errors, backbone connections, availability of feedback on the performance of the user. From the standpoint of semantics, interface should meet the standards of any domain of knowledge with the maximum regard to the users’ subject language
  • Syntactic requirements: flexibility, freedom to choose the means of information retrieval and the realization of these relations in a particular information system;
  • Sigmatic requirements: the relationship between the object, its thinking reflection and signs which represent this reflection; in other words, the logical connections and meanings; Thus, multicultural context assign the following main tasks, which should be solved in the future work:
  1. Defining the criteria of the user interface’s suitability for representatives of different cultures;
  2. Description of the conformity of functional and graphical features of interface specificity to different cultures users’ cognitive specificity, in order to avoid possible frustrations, mistakes, and slowing tasks solving;
  3. Description of the basic principles of national media cultures.

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