The problem of individual approach in teaching the interest of researchers for a long time and has a lot of constructive solutions. With the advent of the era of e-learning, this problem is even trickier; since we are dealing with the primacy of electronic systems. This book discusses the problems of the use of individual learning styles in e-learning. It describes existing approaches, analyze their strengths and weaknesses.
Experts in e-learning divide this conception in two courses: blended and online learning. If the online learning is fully based on IT. Then the blended one involves the integration of traditional learning methodologies and IT to widen the learning process and to improve its efficiency. Two principal elements characterizing the blended learning are a traditional form and its technological support.
Nevertheless, the electronic learning assumes a considerable volume of the individual work its primary advantage is that it gives an opportunity to establish an interactive communication among tutors and students. Advantage of the e-learning is also saving of time. It is not necessary to be present in the classroom. This fact reduces the time for learning. In the corporate sector the electronic learning promoted the cost reduction for the relocation; accommodation, rent of premises and payment for services of business trainers. Moreover, the electronic learning gives an opportunity to study at anytime and anywhere. Another advantage of e-learning is an opportunity to watch video-lectures and other media materials time-unlimited.
Major disadvantage of the utilization of e-learning technologies is the absence of the traditional communication between the tutor and the student. This fact prevents the development of verbal communication and teamwork skills. However, this problem can be avoided using the blended form of learning. Another disadvantage is that the high-quality electronic learning is possible only when there is a high level of motivation of the trainable which is especially necessary when going on the intact courses. It is very hard to hold attention of the trainable in this case.
Using of ICT gives to universities an opportunity to transform and to adapt their learning environment to ever-increasing information volumes. E-learning technologies also open up some opportunities which were inaccessible for students and tutors earlier. For tutors it is an opportunity to provide the student with basic learning materials for the successful learning of the subject. For example, when using of the Learning Management System (LMS) the tutor can once upload into the system all materials which are necessary for students when learning of the subject. Besides using of LMS for getting necessary learning materials students can also use technologies of the mentoring and adaptive learning for the self-studying of the subject. These technologies give an opportunity to personalize the learning process.
Research on learning styles have a long history, but they are different and contradictory conclusions. Learning style can be defined as a kind of model of stable individual cognitive functions and features that defines the preferred way to motivate the individual. According to the concept Kolb individual style of activity is a system of the hallmarks of human activity; reflected in the style of education. Accordingly, taking into account the personal characteristics of the student and an understanding of his style of training will be a major component of the individualized approach. We believe that the individual educational trajectory can be designed as in high school, individual tuition, etc. And outside, using fully all the possibilities for access to global educational resources
Perhaps that take into account personal learning style of the student easier with electronic or mixed learning; when the same information can be presented in different forms. In fact, an individual approach can be carried out with the help of technologies of designing «smart» culturally-sensitive online media; and through the training of the cultural and qualified tutors. It can now be possible to create an environment that will allow the design of individual educational routes, individual educational trajectory; making the learning process non-linear variability, the most adaptive. Thus, each subject of education can design their personal competence profile; relying on the doctrine of the zone of proximal development; the concept of personal style training under the guidance of a mentor; or intelligent, which has a «cultural intelligence» environment. That is, the individual can to build competence to model their competence profile.